Asian and bunching

Resources

Using compost in commercial vegetable production with Dr Doris Blaesing (webinar recording)

Using compost in commercial vegetable production with Dr Doris Blaesing (webinar recording)
22 Mar 2017

Watch this webinar recording from 21 March 2017 to find out more about the good, the bad and the ugly of compost use in vegetable production with Dr Doris Blaesing from RMCG.

What is a cover crop worth? Cover crops in Australian vegetable systems

What is a cover crop worth? Cover crops in Australian vegetable systems
16 Mar 2017

This case study outlines the economic considerations when using cover crops in vegetable production systems. It is based on lessons learned from several Soil Wealth – ICP demonstration sites, during the period 2014 to 2016.

One of the most important considerations is being clear about the purpose of using cover crops in the farm system system as it influences the way you may judge costs and benefits and the timing of these.

The overall benefits will depend on each situation. However, to figure out what works for you on your farm and a specific purpose, talk to others who have used cover crops for a similar purpose / situation; trial cover crops or include a test strip if possible.

Nutrition management and plant disease with Dr Len Tesoriero (webinar recording)

Nutrition management and plant disease with Dr Len Tesoriero (webinar recording)
28 Feb 2017

A webinar on nutrition management and plant disease presented by Dr Len Tesoriero as part of the Soil Wealth and Integrated Crop Protection projects.

MyAgCHEMuse: Best practice reference guide for spray drift management

MyAgCHEMuse: Best practice reference guide for spray drift management
20 Feb 2017

Modern crop protection chemistry such as herbicides, insecticides and fungicides, is crucial to farming in Australia and around the world. These essential products and tools are a core foundation to food production and their safe and sustainable use is of critical importance.

Find out more by reading this useful best practice guide developed by CropLife Australia.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Jerome Thompson, Werribee South Farm Supplies, Werribee South VIC

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Jerome Thompson, Werribee South Farm Supplies, Werribee South VIC
9 Feb 2017

Jerome Thompson, Werribee South Farm Supplies CRT Store branch manager, supplies agricultural products to about 110 vegetable farmers in the Werribee South region.

Over the past 20 years Jerome has observed a progressive change in grower adoption of integrated pest management (IPM). Jerome notes opportunities for greater adoption of IPM through growers improving their skills in monitoring pests, timing sprays and identification of beneficial species.

Read this practical case study to learn more from leading growers.

Biofumigation cover crops in vegetable production with Julie Finnigan (webinar recording)

Biofumigation cover crops in vegetable production with Julie Finnigan (webinar recording)
31 Jan 2017

A webinar on biofumigation cover crops presented by Julie Finnigan and Dr Kelvin Montagu as part of the Soil Wealth and Integrated Crop Protection projects.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Daniel Fragapane, Werribee South VIC

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Daniel Fragapane, Werribee South VIC
19 Jan 2017

Werribee South vegetable grower, Daniel Fragapane, runs a 42 hectare farm growing cauliflowers and broccoli for supermarket chain ALDI. He adopted IPM on his Werribee South farm following a recommendation from his cousins.

Daniel has been impressed with the results he’s seen in this crop, following the use of IPM. The biggest challenge for him has been time scheduling of control options, such as avoiding peak UV periods for caterpillar control with products such as Dipel in summer.

Daniel has managed these challenges through a combination of targeted control, including strategic location spraying rather than whole of farm, and using alternative products when required.

Read this practical case study to learn more from leading growers.

Anhydrous ammonia for vegetable crops: Could it be a viable proposition?

Anhydrous ammonia for vegetable crops: Could it be a viable proposition?
12 Jan 2017

Anhydrous ammonia has long been used as a preplant and side dressing fertiliser in the cotton and grain industries. It results in a high retention of nitrogen in the soil, reduced leaching of nitrates through the soil and yield increases in various crops. However, it needs to be treated with care as it can cause injury to farm workers.

Anhydrous ammonia has beneficial effects on soil microbes, nitrifying bacteria and worms. It is more suited to row crops rather than babyleaf crops, where even distribution nitrogen in the soil is required.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Peter Schreurs and Sons, Devon Meadows VIC

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Peter Schreurs and Sons, Devon Meadows VIC
5 Dec 2016

Peter Schreurs and Sons grow a range of vegetable crops on their 180 hectare farm in Devon Meadows near Cranbourne in Victoria. Leeks are the main crop in the business, but they also produce cos lettuce, endive, kohl-rabi, wombok and radicchio.

On the farm, Darren Schreurs is responsible for controlling pest and disease in the crops. Darren first encountered Integrated Pest Management (IPM) when he was trying to deal with mites and thrips in their leek crop.

Read this practical case study to learn more from leading growers.

Adjuvants - A guide to oils, surfactants and other additives 

Adjuvants - A guide to oils, surfactants and other additives 
5 Dec 2016

Adjuvants are additives that enhance or modify the action of a chemical. They are commonly classified into broad categories including oils, surfactants, buffers, acidifiers and fertiliser adjuvants. Adjuvants can modify how a chemical forms, spreads or behaves within the spray solution and/or on the target pest.

This fact sheet provides insights into how adjuvants work, what types are available, and recommendations on what one to choose to make sure it's compatible with your pesticides active ingredients.

Forthside Demonstration Site: Soil amendments on vegetable crops 

Forthside Demonstration Site: Soil amendments on vegetable crops 
5 Dec 2016

Over the past four years, the effect of pyrethrum marc on vegetable crops has been compared with biochar, oaten chaff and conventional fertilisers at a trial site in Tasmania.

Pyrethrum marc can offer benefits as a soil conditioner and also as a source of nutrients for crops. Amendments can provide benefits for one or more years after application. Therefore, soil testing and monitoring combined with a fertiliser program is important for making the most of the economic benefits. Based on the crops grown and yields achieved in this trial, if pyrethrum marc was $60-65/t delivered, it would provide at least similar returns to conventional fertiliser.

Read this fact sheet to learn more about the trial, crops grown, treatments, and results.

Developing a fertilizer program for vegetable crops (webinar recording)

Developing a fertilizer program for vegetable crops (webinar recording)
14 Nov 2016

This webinar series aims to provide evidence based knowledge to make good decisions on site-specific nutrient management of vegetable crops using soil and plant testing and the 4R principles (right source, right rate, right time and right place).

The third webinar in the series focuses on developing a fertilizer program and features well-respected specialists Bruce Scott (E.E. Muir & Sons) and Dr Doris Blaesing.

From Health to Wealth: Looking after soils for vegetable production 

From Health to Wealth: Looking after soils for vegetable production 
11 Nov 2016

Soil health refers to the fitness of the soil to achieve its potential, within natural or managed limitations, and be productive under
the intended land use. Healthy soils have physical, chemical and biological properties that sustain biological functioning, maintain environmental quality and promote plant, animal and human health.

This practical fact sheet outlines the importance of healthy soil, its characteristics and how to get there, as well as the main soil health issues and potential solutions.

Rediscovering cover crops (webinar recording)

Rediscovering cover crops (webinar recording)
10 Nov 2016

Cover crops are being rediscovered by vegetable growers as practical ways of improving soil productivity and health. While cover cropping is a simple concept, it can be complex to implement in todays intensive production systems.

In this webinar Dr Kelvin Montagu from the Soil Wealth - ICP team, talks about the use of cover crops in vegetable production and the practical issues which need to be considered.

Nitrous oxide emissions from vegetable soils: What's all the fuss about?

Nitrous oxide emissions from vegetable soils: What's all the fuss about?
7 Nov 2016

Nitrogen is a key input into vegetable production. Applying high levels of nitrogen, either as fertiliser, compost or amendments is necessary to achieve high yields, but it can also result in nitrous oxide gas being released into the atmosphere.

This fact sheet provides useful information on the loss of plant available nitrogen, reducing nitrous oxide emissions, nitrogen management (the 4 R's) and keeping informed through soil testing.

Using compost safely: A guide for the use of recycled organics in horticulture

Using compost safely: A guide for the use of recycled organics in horticulture
27 Oct 2016

Compost is a mixture of recycled organic materials that have been processed by natural organisms, breaking down the original materials into a usable form. Compost has many benefits for soil. It can feed plants, stimulate beneficial microbes, improve soil structure and help the soil retain nutrients, water and warmth.

This guide describes how fresh produce growers can use compost without affecting their food safety assurance program.

Safe compost for fruit and vegetables: A guide for the supply of recycled organics to fresh produce growers

Safe compost for fruit and vegetables: A guide for the supply of recycled organics to fresh produce growers
26 Oct 2016

Compost is a mixture of recycled organic materials that have been processed by natural organisms, breaking down the original materials into a usable form. Compost has many benefits for soil. It can feed plants, stimulate beneficial microbes, improve soil structure and help the soil retain nutrients, water and warmth.

This guide describes how producers of recycled organic products can ensure that the composts they supply meet the requirements of food safety programs such as Freshcare.

Managing Onion Maggot in vegetables

Managing Onion Maggot in vegetables
24 Oct 2016

Onion Maggot (Delia platura), also known as seed corn maggot, is an agricultural pest that damages seeds and seedlings in a wide range of crops including corn, beans, onions, garlic, brassicas, potatoes and spinach.

Reports of damage by this pest are usually following cool wet spring conditions. This fact sheet provides practical advice on the damage caused by Onion Maggot, its life cycle, and the cultural, biological and chemical control options. There are also some tips for great further reading if you want to know more.

Managing pesticide resistance in vegetable crops with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)

Managing pesticide resistance in vegetable crops with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)
20 Oct 2016

Pesticide resistance is an ongoing concern for the vegetable industry.

If you missed this webinar on 20 October 2016, listen to the recording with expert practitioners Dr Paul Horne and Jessica Page from IPM Technologies and Carl Larsen, RMCG to find out more about how resistance arises, developing a resistance management strategy, and understanding all the control options available - biological, cultural and chemical.

Leaf and sap testing for managing vegetabe crop nutrition (webinar recording)

Leaf and sap testing for managing vegetabe crop nutrition (webinar recording)
28 Sep 2016

View the leaf and sap testing for vegetable crops webinar broadcast on the 27th September 2016 by Bruce Scott, Doris Blaesing and Gordon Rogers from the Soil Wealth and Integrated Crop Protection team and E.E. Muir & Sons.

Integrated Weed Management for the Australian Vegetable Industry (webinar recording)

Integrated Weed Management for the Australian Vegetable Industry (webinar recording)
14 Sep 2016

A webinar on weed management presented by Dr Paul Kristiansen, Dr Kelvin Montagu and Marc Hinderager as part of the Integrated Crop Protection project.

Variable Rate Technologies in Queensland vegetables

Variable Rate Technologies in Queensland vegetables
14 Sep 2016

Crop sensing is allowing the adoption of variable rate management to address yield variability, improve management of inputs and maximise productivity.

Summer cover crops

Summer cover crops
1 Sep 2016

Match your main soil management aim to the southern Australian summer cover crops.

Pest management - what are the options? with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)

Pest management - what are the options? with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)
22 Jul 2016

Watch this video if you missed this webinar on 22 July 2016.

Listen to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) experts Dr Paul Horne and Jessica Page with Carl Larsen discuss the chemical, cultural and biological options for controlling insect pests in Australian vegetable crops.

Soils in Schools initiative by Soil Science Australia

Soils in Schools initiative by Soil Science Australia
21 Jul 2016

The Soils in Schools program started in 2015, the UN declared International Year of Soils. It is an initiative of Soil Science Australia.

This programs vision is to communicate and educate school children on the relevance of soils in everyday life and to encourage a wider interest in our soil resources.

Soil Testing for Vegetabe Crops: Webinar recording

Soil Testing for Vegetabe Crops: Webinar recording
19 Jul 2016

Doris Blaesing and Gordon Rogers from the Soil Wealth team, presented a webinar on how to get the most from soil testing for vegetable crops.

If you missed this popular webinar, you can view the recording and download the presentation from here.

Soil Testing for Vegetable Crops (webinar recording)

Soil Testing for Vegetable Crops (webinar recording)
13 Jul 2016

Doris Blaesing and Gordon Rogers from the Soil Wealth team, presented a webinar on how to get the most from soil testing for vegetable crops.

If you missed this popular webinar, you can view the recording and download the presentation from here.

Nutrient element functions in vegetable crops 

Nutrient element functions in vegetable crops 
7 Jul 2016

Plant nutrients are commonly split into two categories:

• Major elements (macronutrients) that are required in relatively large quantities by plants, and
• Trace elements (micronutrients) that are essential for plant growth, but are only required in small amounts.

All elements must be available in a form that is useable by the plant, and in balanced concentrations that allow optimum plant growth.

Download this great summary of what the plant nutrients do, and how they need to be applied for the plant to make best use of your investment in fertilisers.

Taking soil samples

Taking soil samples
6 Jul 2016

Soil sampling and testing is usually done prior to planting a crop; specific in-crop testing can be useful e.g. testing for available nitrate and ammonium.

A soil test report is only as good as the care taken in sampling. Tools and equipment should be cleaned prior to collecting each sample. Completing labels and writing on bags or containers before going out to the field can save some time and confusion.

Read this fact sheet for guidance on how to take soil samples correctly and obtain reliable information on the nutrient status of your soil.

Review of Current Vegetable Irrigation Technologies

Review of Current Vegetable Irrigation Technologies
5 Jul 2016

This summary provides Australian vegetable growers with an understanding of available and emerging irrigation practices and technologies that could improve profitability and encourage the uptake of more efficient water practices.

Winter cover crops

Winter cover crops
1 Jul 2016

Match your main soil management aim to the southern Australian winter cover crops.

Silicon for crop health

Silicon for crop health
28 Jun 2016

Silicon is an available nutrient for all plants grown in soil, with its content in plant tissue ranging from 0.1%-10%. Although it is not currently classified as an essential nutrient for plant growth, recent research suggests that silicon may have a significant role to play in plant health.

Read this fact sheet to learn more about the benefits of silicon on crop health and subsequent production, including improved nutrient availability, plant resistance to pest and disease pressure, and improved resilience to environmental stress. Guidance on how to choose a silicon product is also provided.

Australian Standard for composts, soil conditioners and mulches

Australian Standard for composts, soil conditioners and mulches
21 Jun 2016

The objective of this Standard is to provide manufacturers, suppliers, customers and government bodies with the minimum requirements for the physical, chemical and biological properties of composts, soil conditioners, mulches and vermicast, as well as labelling and marking, in order to facilitate the beneficial recycling and use of compostable organic materials with minimal adverse impact on environmental and public health, by avoiding biosecurity and phytotoxicity risks associated with inappropriate product.

Carbon storage in vegetable soils

Carbon storage in vegetable soils
2 May 2016

Maintaining or increasing soil carbon makes good sense – for the environment and for soil productivity. While climate scientists talk about soil carbon, you will know it better as soil organic matter. And the productivity benefits of soil organic matter are legendary:

• Providing a slow release supply of nutrients
• Improving cation exchange capacity and nutrient- holding ability
• Buffering against soil acidity
• Improving soil structure and aggregate stability
• Improving soil water holding capacity
• Reducing erosion risk.

This fact sheet summaries the opportunities and management options for mitigating or sequestering soil carbon in vegetable soils.

How to control Pythium in vegetable crops with Dr Len Tesoriero

How to control Pythium in vegetable crops with Dr Len Tesoriero
15 Apr 2016

How to control Pythium in vegetable crops with Dr Len Tesoriero. Video of a Webinar run on the 31st March 2016 with DR Len Tesoriero (NSW DPI) and Dr Kelvin Montagu from AHR.

Erosion: how to protect your soil

Erosion: how to protect your soil
4 Apr 2016

A healthy topsoil is a great asset to have, as this layer of soil contains the highest concentration of organic matter, micro-organisms, nutrients and biological activity. Lost topsoil can’t be replaced in a human’s lifespan. Therefore erosion, probably the biggest culprit in the loss of topsoil, should be effectively managed.

This fact sheet provides essential information on managing soil erosion, including reducing the impact of wind and water. The easy to read publication also guides decision-making on managing your irrigation system, controlling run-off water, covering exposed soil areas, improving soil structure and increasing cohesion between soil particles.

How to control Pythium in vegetable crops with Dr Len Tesoriero (webinar recording)

How to control Pythium in vegetable crops with Dr Len Tesoriero (webinar recording)
31 Mar 2016

Vegetable pathologist, Dr Len Tesoriero and AHRs Dr Kelvin Montagu, recently presented a highly successful webinar on how to manage the soil borne disease Pythium in vegetable crops.

The webinar was recorded, and is now available as a YouTube video. You can click on the link below to watch the full Webinar. You can also download the presentation and follow the link to an ICP factsheet on how to manage soil borne disease in vegetable crops.

Blankets for vegetables: Using frost cloth to protect plants from weather

Blankets for vegetables: Using frost cloth to protect plants from weather
21 Mar 2016

This fact sheet explains how floating row covers can be used to protect crops from frost and other weather extremes, while at the same time protecting crops from insect pests.

Grafting Snake Beans to Control Fusarium Wilt

Grafting Snake Beans to Control Fusarium Wilt
1 Feb 2016

This Agnote developed by the Northern Territory Government describes the technique of grafting snake beans to control Fusarium wilt.

Soilborne Disease Master Class for the Vegetable Industry - Experiences from leading growers

Soilborne Disease Master Class for the Vegetable Industry - Experiences from leading growers
31 Jan 2016

Vegetable growers and advisors discuss how attending a master class has changed the way they manage soilborne diseases and influenced their business.

Weed management in vegetables

Weed management in vegetables
15 Dec 2015

Weeds increase the cost of growing vegetables, reduce crop yield and quality, and impact farm management decisions, such as timing of harvest and choice of herbicide options.

The Soil Story

The Soil Story
14 Dec 2015

A summary of the importance of soil, soil science and good soil management from a Victorian perspective.

Slug control using Integrated Pest Management

Slug control using Integrated Pest Management
14 Dec 2015

In the higher rainfall zones, slugs in vegetable production systems can be a problem. As no single control method will provide complete protection, an integrated approach is best. Read this useful fact sheet to find out more, and learn from what other industries are doing.

Pests, Diseases and Disorders of Carrots, Celery and Parsley: A field identification guide

Pests, Diseases and Disorders of Carrots, Celery and Parsley: A field identification guide
15 Oct 2015

This guide enables field identification of the insects, diseases and disorders of carrots, celery and parsley by providing:
- photos
- written description
- damage symptoms
- season when commonly found

Guide to common diseases and disorders of bunching vegetables in Australia

Guide to common diseases and disorders of bunching vegetables in Australia
22 Jun 2015

The guide to common diseases & disorders of bunching vegetables (2003, 58 pages) was produced by the R&D levy funded project VG010045. The diseases and disorders listed in this book often occur on bunching vegetables in Australia and several can occur on plants at the same time.

Identifying Key Pests and Diseases of Asian Vegetables

Identifying Key Pests and Diseases of Asian Vegetables
22 Jun 2015

The popularity of Asian vegetables has increased in recent years amongst consumers with a range of uses, including salad and baby leaf mixes. With increased demand has come the need to manage losses caused by pests and disease. Critical to the successful management of pest and diseases in any vegetable crop, is an understanding of the main pests and diseases known to affect each crop