Insect, nematode and mite management and crop protection

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Summary of Resources and Communication: Handy hints and where to find useful information (Phase 1)

November 2017
Summary of Resources and Communication: Handy hints and where to find useful information (Phase 1)

This guide summarises useful information developed by the Soil Wealth and Integrated Crop Protection (ICP) Phase 1 projects from 2014-2017, and where to find it. These resources are relevant to all major vegetable growing regions in Australia. The resources developed includes fact sheets (51), case studies (12), videos and apps (36), e-newsletters (32 editions), as well as demonstration site information. The main topics covered by these resources include crop management, pest and disease management, and soil, nutrition and compost.

All the resources in this guide can be found on this project website.

Soil Wealth and ICP Achievements Phase 1

May 2017
Soil Wealth and ICP Achievements Phase 1

The Soil Wealth and Integrated Crop Protection projects provide R&D extension services, products and communication on improved soil management and plant health to the Australian vegetable industry.

From 2014 to 2017, RMCG and AHR have delivered the projects for Horticulture Innovation Australia. Phase 1 of the projects have now been completed. So, what’s been achieved?

Managing Redback Spiders In Broccoli (webinar recording)

February 2019
Managing Redback Spiders In Broccoli (webinar recording)

Redback spiders love a hot, dry summer….

From April to June is ‘redback season', where consumer complaints about redback spiders in broccoli are most likely to surface on social media near you.

Where do they come from? Why are they here? And, most importantly, What can I do about it? These questions and more will be answered by an AHR Webinar featuring Dr Jenny Ekman.

Integrated Pest Management of vegetable pests - a more sustainable approach (webinar recording)

October 2018
Integrated Pest Management of vegetable pests - a more sustainable approach (webinar recording)

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) refers to the combination of chemical, cultural and biological options for controlling insect pests in Australian vegetable crops.

Watch this informative and interactive one-hour session to get the latest updates from vegetable industry experts, including IPM Technologies, E.E. Muir & Sons and Schreurs & Sons.

Managing the risk of redback spiders in broccoli crops

October 2018
Managing the risk of redback spiders in broccoli crops

Since 2016 there have been numerous customer complaints about redback spiders (Latrodectus hasselti) in broccoli. Complaints have mainly come between January and June, and from customers in all Australian states. This suggests that this is not an issue for a single production area, but can occur anywhere that broccoli is grown.

Redback spiders are clearly unacceptable to consumers, and also pose risks to growers, pickers and packers.

Despite their fearsome reputation, redback spiders are generally timid. They are nocturnal, travel only short distances and need protection from wind, rain and extremes of temperatures. Broccoli crops are not their usual habitat.

This fact sheet summarises what we know about the risk of redback spiders contaminating broccoli.

Winter Crane Fly (Trichocera annulata)

July 2018
Winter Crane Fly (Trichocera annulata)

The winter crane fly is part of the large insect family Tipulidae. In Australia, the winter crane fly larvae feed on rotting organic matter and, possibly, on frost-damaged or waterlogged plants.

Read this fact sheet to discover more about the winter crane fly damage, life cycle, management options and further references.

Adaptive Area-Wide Management for Queensland Fruit Fly using Sterile Insect Technique

June 2018
Adaptive Area-Wide Management for Queensland Fruit Fly using Sterile Insect Technique

Area-Wide Management (AWM) is a proven management approach for mobile pests around the world, employing a united strategy to target all pest habitats within a well-defined area or region to reduce the total pest population. These guidelines will help you understand AWM, how to get started implementing it for Queensland fruit fly, and the opportunities to implement Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) once AWM has been successfully implemented.

Fruit fly management for vegetable growers

June 2018
Fruit fly management for vegetable growers

Videos and Best practice guide

Fruit flies are recognised as one of the world’s most serious pests for horticulture. They can breed rapidly, disperse widely and successfully infest most fruit and fruiting vegetables. The larvae not only destroy infested fruit, but are a major quarantine issue for both domestic and international markets.

Spray technology for vegetable growers: a guide to getting it right (webinar recording)

May 2018
Spray technology for vegetable growers: a guide to getting it right (webinar recording)

Chemicals play an important role in vegetable production and are regularly used to control insect pests, diseases and weeds.

Watch this informative and interactive one-hour webinar to get the latest updates from vegetable industry experts in Australia.

Tomato Potato psyllid (TPP) Surveillance Programme

April 2018
Tomato Potato psyllid (TPP) Surveillance Programme

Extended surveillance for incursions of the Tomato Potato psyllid in eastern Australia by the Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture

The Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA), funded by Horticulture Innovation Australia, is coordinating a national surveillance program for the Tomato Potato psyllid (TPP) which was discovered in Western Australia in February 2017.

Biosecurity lessons in planning and response for the vegetable industry (webinar recording)

March 2018
Biosecurity lessons in planning and response for the vegetable industry (webinar recording)

Plant biosecurity is a series of measures that aid in protecting production areas from harmful insects, weeds, and various plant diseases.

Watch this informative and interactive one-hour webinar to get the latest updates from vegetable industry experts in Australia.

Pesticides and insect pest control in vegetables with Dr Siobhan de Little (webinar recording)

October 2017
Pesticides and insect pest control in vegetables with Dr Siobhan de Little (webinar recording)

Chemicals have different modes of action that can affect both insect pests and beneficial species differently.

Watch the recording of this interactive session with Dr Siobhan de Little and James Maino from cesar, facilitated by Carl Larsen from RMCG.

Nematodes in vegetable soils - managing the bad and good ones with Dr Sarah Collins (webinar recording)

October 2017
Nematodes in vegetable soils - managing the bad and good ones with Dr Sarah Collins (webinar recording)

This webinar with Nematode specialist Dr Sarah Collins from Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development WA focused on the pest nematode, outlining the life cycles of the root-knot and root-lesion nematodes and how this can be used to target control measures.

The webinar also covered beneficial free living nematodes and how these can be managed and used as soil health indicators.

Green peach aphid resistance management with Dr Siobhan de Little (webinar recording)

August 2017
Green peach aphid resistance management with Dr Siobhan de Little (webinar recording)

Green peach aphids (GPA) are an important pest of vegetables, causing damage by feeding and transmitting viruses. High levels of resistance to carbamates, pyrethroids and organophosphates are found across Australia.

Watch the recording of this interactive session with guest presenter Dr Siobhan de Little from cesar.

Soil Wealth and Crop Health: Vital Components to Potato and Vegetable Crops

August 2017
Soil Wealth and Crop Health: Vital Components to Potato and Vegetable Crops

Members of the Soil Wealth and ICP team were recently interviewed for the Potatoes Australia magazine. The key message? Many of the soil health and plant protection practices relevant to vegetables, also apply to potatoes.

Click through to read the article.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Houston’s Farms, Tasmania

May 2017
Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Houston’s Farms, Tasmania

Houston’s Farm, in southern Tasmania, grow a range of ready to eat leafy salad products including lettuce, brassica leafy vegetables, beets and spinach.

Despite a positive experience with IPM in the control of Lettuce Aphid, Houston’s Farm were reluctant to adopt IPM based on only one experience. One of the biggest challenges to adopting IPM was regular monitoring, including looking for beneficial species. Now, Houston’s Farm have developed their own IPM manual to train new staff, including photos of pest and beneficial species, and other information such as appropriate pesticides.

To find out more read this practical case study.

Managing Fruit Fly in Vegetable Crops with Dr Jenny Ekman (webinar recording)

May 2017
Managing Fruit Fly in Vegetable Crops with Dr Jenny Ekman (webinar recording)

A webinar presented by Dr Jenny Ekman on strategies available to growers to manage fruit fly in vegetable crops, including the fruit fly lifecycle, monitoring, use of protein baiting, male annihilation techniques and netting.

Nutrition management and plant disease with Dr Len Tesoriero (webinar recording)

February 2017
Nutrition management and plant disease with Dr Len Tesoriero (webinar recording)

A webinar on nutrition management and plant disease presented by Dr Len Tesoriero as part of the Soil Wealth and Integrated Crop Protection projects.

Tomato potato psyllid

February 2017
Tomato potato psyllid

The psyllid is a tiny sap-sucking insect. Tomato potato psyllids go through three stages of development – adult, egg and nymph.

The tomato potato psyllid can cause capsicums and chili plants to die back. Foliage symptoms include leaves becoming misshapen, pale green or yellow with spiky tips and leaf stalks appear stunted.

It's importnat to practice sound crop hygiene/biosecurity practices to prevent the entry, establishment and spread of pests and diseases. Read this fact sheet from the Department of Agriculture and Food WA for more information.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Jerome Thompson, Werribee South Farm Supplies, Werribee South VIC

February 2017
Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Jerome Thompson, Werribee South Farm Supplies, Werribee South VIC

Jerome Thompson, Werribee South Farm Supplies CRT Store branch manager, supplies agricultural products to about 110 vegetable farmers in the Werribee South region.

Over the past 20 years Jerome has observed a progressive change in grower adoption of integrated pest management (IPM). Jerome notes opportunities for greater adoption of IPM through growers improving their skills in monitoring pests, timing sprays and identification of beneficial species.

Read this practical case study to learn more from leading growers.

Biofumigation cover crops in vegetable production with Julie Finnigan (webinar recording)

January 2017
Biofumigation cover crops in vegetable production with Julie Finnigan (webinar recording)

A webinar on biofumigation cover crops presented by Julie Finnigan and Dr Kelvin Montagu as part of the Soil Wealth and Integrated Crop Protection projects.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Daniel Fragapane, Werribee South VIC

January 2017
Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Daniel Fragapane, Werribee South VIC

Werribee South vegetable grower, Daniel Fragapane, runs a 42 hectare farm growing cauliflowers and broccoli for supermarket chain ALDI. He adopted IPM on his Werribee South farm following a recommendation from his cousins.

Daniel has been impressed with the results he’s seen in this crop, following the use of IPM. The biggest challenge for him has been time scheduling of control options, such as avoiding peak UV periods for caterpillar control with products such as Dipel in summer.

Daniel has managed these challenges through a combination of targeted control, including strategic location spraying rather than whole of farm, and using alternative products when required.

Read this practical case study to learn more from leading growers.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Peter Schreurs and Sons, Devon Meadows VIC

December 2016
Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Peter Schreurs and Sons, Devon Meadows VIC

Peter Schreurs and Sons grow a range of vegetable crops on their 180 hectare farm in Devon Meadows near Cranbourne in Victoria. Leeks are the main crop in the business, but they also produce cos lettuce, endive, kohl-rabi, wombok and radicchio.

On the farm, Darren Schreurs is responsible for controlling pest and disease in the crops. Darren first encountered Integrated Pest Management (IPM) when he was trying to deal with mites and thrips in their leek crop.

Read this practical case study to learn more from leading growers.

Managing insect pests in greenhouses with Andy Ryland (webinar recording)

November 2016
Managing insect pests in greenhouses with Andy Ryland (webinar recording)

In this webinar Andy Ryland, talks about the ways to manage pests when growing vegetables in greenhouses.

Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Schreurs and Sons, Clyde VIC

November 2016
Implementing IPM on farm - experiences from leading growers: Schreurs and Sons, Clyde VIC

Schreurs and Sons are one of the largest celery producers in Australia. Production of celery by the family business has relied on IPM for well over a decade.

The original drivers for exploring an IPM option were borne out of problems relying on a pesticide- based strategy. After initial trials, where IPM was proven effective, the approach was implemented on all farms and crops.

Read this practical case study to learn more from leading growers.

Managing Onion Maggot in vegetables

October 2016
Managing Onion Maggot in vegetables

Onion Maggot (Delia platura), also known as seed corn maggot, is an agricultural pest that damages seeds and seedlings in a wide range of crops including corn, beans, onions, garlic, brassicas, potatoes and spinach.

Reports of damage by this pest are usually following cool wet spring conditions. This fact sheet provides practical advice on the damage caused by Onion Maggot, its life cycle, and the cultural, biological and chemical control options. There are also some tips for great further reading if you want to know more.

Managing pesticide resistance in vegetable crops with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)

October 2016
Managing pesticide resistance in vegetable crops with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)

Pesticide resistance is an ongoing concern for the vegetable industry.

If you missed this webinar on 20 October 2016, listen to the recording with expert practitioners Dr Paul Horne and Jessica Page from IPM Technologies and Carl Larsen, RMCG to find out more about how resistance arises, developing a resistance management strategy, and understanding all the control options available - biological, cultural and chemical.

Pest management - what are the options? with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)

July 2016
Pest management - what are the options? with Dr Paul Horne (webinar recording)

Watch this video if you missed this webinar on 22 July 2016.

Listen to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) experts Dr Paul Horne and Jessica Page with Carl Larsen discuss the chemical, cultural and biological options for controlling insect pests in Australian vegetable crops.

Brassica whitefly control in vegetables

July 2016
Brassica whitefly control in vegetables

Brassica whitefly (Aleyrodes proletella) is a pest of crops in the brassica family. This insect is not restricted to brassicas, although it prefers them. Its host range includes cabbages, cauliflowers, broccoli, kale and Asian vegetables, especially wombok (Chinese cabbage).

In NSW, the brassica whitefly has only become a pest of significance in the last 2-3 seasons but were first reported in Australia in 1997 in South Australia.

This fact sheet provides you with important information on damage, ecology, and management options including monitoring, cultural practices, biological control and chemical control.

Blankets for vegetables: Using frost cloth to protect plants from weather

March 2016
Blankets for vegetables: Using frost cloth to protect plants from weather

This fact sheet explains how floating row covers can be used to protect crops from frost and other weather extremes, while at the same time protecting crops from insect pests.

How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in capsicums and chillies

March 2016
How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in capsicums and chillies

This easy to read fact sheet provides information on control options (both chemical and non-chemical) for high priority pests in capsicums and chillies. This fact sheet is the last in a series of seven publications that provide details on the currently registered and permitted pesticides for key diseases, insects and weeds in your crop.

How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in lettuce

March 2016
How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in lettuce

This easy to read fact sheet provides information on control options (both chemical and non-chemical) for high priority pests in lettuce. This fact sheet is the sixth in a series of seven publications that provide details on the currently registered and permitted pesticides for key diseases, insects and weeds in your crop.

How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in cucumbers

February 2016
How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in cucumbers

This easy to read fact sheet provides information on control options (both chemical and non-chemical) for high priority pests in cucumbers. This fact sheet is the fifth in a series of seven publications that provide details on the currently registered and permitted pesticides for key diseases, insects and weeds in your crop.

How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in celery

February 2016
How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in celery

This easy to read fact sheet provides information on control options (both chemical and non-chemical) for high priority pests in celery. This fact sheet is the fourth in a series of seven publications that provide details on the currently registered and permitted pesticides for key diseases, insects and weeds in your crop.

How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in carrots

February 2016
How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in carrots

This easy to read fact sheet provides information on control options (both chemical and non-chemical) for high priority pests in carrots. This fact sheet is the third in a series of seven publications that provide details on the currently registered and permitted pesticides for key diseases, insects and weeds in your crop.

How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in brassica vegetables

February 2016
How can I control pests? Options for controlling high priority pests in brassica vegetables

This easy to read fact sheet provides information on control options (both chemical and non-chemical) for high priority pests in brassica vegetable crops. This fact sheet is the second in a series of seven publications that provide details on the currently registered and permitted pesticides for key diseases, insects and weeds in your crop.

Managing Plant Health and Soils in Vegetables - Experiences from leading growers

January 2016
Managing Plant Health and Soils in Vegetables - Experiences from leading growers

Vegetable growers and advisors talk about how implementing integrated crop protection and new soil management practices has changed their business.

Slug control using Integrated Pest Management

December 2015
Slug control using Integrated Pest Management

In the higher rainfall zones, slugs in vegetable production systems can be a problem. As no single control method will provide complete protection, an integrated approach is best. Read this useful fact sheet to find out more, and learn from what other industries are doing.

Sweetpotato whole of crop integrated pest management strategies

December 2015
Sweetpotato whole of crop integrated pest management strategies

This video documentary showcases grower practices used to better manage sweetpotato pests in their Australian sweetpotato production systems. It was produced as a result of project VG09052 'Integration of crop and soil insect management in sweetpotato', which was undertaken by the Australian Sweetpotato Growers Association (ASPG inc).

Management of Root-Knot Nematode in Vegetable Crops

November 2015
Management of Root-Knot Nematode in Vegetable Crops

This booklet produced in 2014 provides information on managing root-knot nematode including:
- chemical and non-chemical control
- the impact of environmental conditions on nematodes
- nematode biology, and
- the symptoms of a nematode infestation.

Chemical control of nematodes in carrots

November 2015
Chemical control of nematodes in carrots

This webpage on the DAFWA site provides information on chemical options for the control of nematodes in carrot crops.

Tobamoviruses - tobacco mosaic virus, tomato mosaic virus and pepper mild mottle virus: Integrated virus disease management

October 2015
Tobamoviruses - tobacco mosaic virus, tomato mosaic virus and pepper mild mottle virus: Integrated virus disease management

Tobamoviruses—tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) and pepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) — are stable and highly infectious viruses that are very easily spread from plant to plant by contact. These viruses can survive for long periods in crop debris and on contaminated equipment. Although these viruses affect field crops, they are more often a problem in greenhouse crops where plants are generally grown at a higher density and handled more frequently.

Managing Insect Contaminants

September 2015
Managing Insect Contaminants

Insects are potential contaminants of processed leafy vegetables. Pest and beneficial species, in both the juvenile and adult stages of their life cycles can become unwanted contaminants if they make their way from the field into the final packaged product and to the end consumer.

Biofumigation

August 2015
Biofumigation

Biofumigation is the use of specialised cover crops, which are grown, mulched and incorporated into the soil prior to cropping. High biomass, especially roots, can provide the traditional benefits of green manure crops, and if done right, naturally occurring compounds from the biofumigant plants can suppress soil-borne pests, diseases and weeds.

Identifying Key Pests and Diseases of Asian Vegetables

June 2015
Identifying Key Pests and Diseases of Asian Vegetables

The popularity of Asian vegetables has increased in recent years amongst consumers with a range of uses, including salad and baby leaf mixes. With increased demand has come the need to manage losses caused by pests and disease. Critical to the successful management of pest and diseases in any vegetable crop, is an understanding of the main pests and diseases known to affect each crop

Insect pests of cucurbit vegetables

June 2015
Insect pests of cucurbit vegetables

Cucurbits include watermelons, cantaloupes, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins, squash, bitter melons, gourds, and hairy melons.

Thrips in green beans

June 2015
Thrips in green beans

This fact sheet contains information on the identification and management of thrips in green beans.

A Bug's Life

June 2015
A Bug's Life

This ABC Landline story which aired on the 3/04/2011 shows how other producers have implemented an ICP approach on their property. Discussions about vegetable ICP begin about 4 minutes into the video.

Thrips and tospovirus: a management guide

May 2015
Thrips and tospovirus: a management guide

This booklet provides concise information on the biology of both tospoviruses and their thrips vectors. This information is then related to the range of integrated methods that may be used to reduce the damage from both insect and virus.

Whitefly-transmitted viruses in vegetable crops: Integrated virus disease management

May 2015
Whitefly-transmitted viruses in vegetable crops: Integrated virus disease management

This technical reference note has been produced by Denis Persley and Cherie Gambley (DEEDI) as part of Horticulture Australia Limited project VGO 7128-Integrated management of virus diseases in vegetables.

Lettuce Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

May 2015
Lettuce Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Helpful four page fact sheet on integrating pest management in lettuce.

Spray Application Basics

May 2015
Spray Application Basics

This helpful fact sheet outlines the key information required to get the best out of your chemical application.

Mega Pests: The Basics of Protecting Your Crops

May 2015
Mega Pests: The Basics of Protecting Your Crops

Want to regain control over chemical-resistant pests? Aiming to reduce costs while meeting quality assurance requirements? The Integrated Crop Protection (ICP) extension team has developed a series of five fact sheets to assist growers manage Mega Pests.

Mega Pests: Managing Major Chewing and Biting Insects

May 2015
Mega Pests: Managing Major Chewing and Biting Insects

Want to regain control over chemical-resistant pests? Aiming to reduce costs while meeting quality assurance requirements? The Integrated Crop Protection (ICP) extension team has developed a series of five fact sheets to assist growers manage Mega Pests.

Mega Pests: Managing Sucking Pests

May 2015
Mega Pests: Managing Sucking Pests

Want to regain control over chemical-resistant pests? Aiming to reduce costs while meeting quality assurance requirements? The Integrated Crop Protection (ICP) extension team has developed a series of five fact sheets to assist growers manage Mega Pests.

Brassica Information Kit. Agrilink, your growing guide to better farming guide

May 2015
Brassica Information Kit. Agrilink, your growing guide to better farming guide

This website contains a series of documents to guide you through the successful prodution of Brassica crops.

Brassica Best Practice Integrated Pest Management

May 2015
Brassica Best Practice Integrated Pest Management

Specialists in all areas of brassica production, including insect, disease, nematode, weed and virus have combined to pool current knowledge on best practice IPM principles.

Rather than prescriptive rules for each problem, the information provides knowledge and general principles that you can use to plan for an integrated approach to crop production.

Natural control of insect pests in lettuce, Devon Meadows

May 2015
Natural control of insect pests in lettuce, Devon Meadows

Vegetable grower Peter Schreurs talks about how he controls insect pests using natural predators.

Natural control of insect pests in vegetables, Mornington Peninsula

May 2015
Natural control of insect pests in vegetables, Mornington Peninsula

Vegetable grower Paul Gazzola talks about how he controls insect pests using natural predators.

Natural control of insect pests in Broccoli, Werribee

May 2015
Natural control of insect pests in Broccoli, Werribee

Fresh Select vegetable grower Stuart Grigg talks about how he controls insect pests using natural predators.

Keep it CLEAN Reducing costs and losses in the management of pests and diseases in the greenhouse

May 2015
Keep it CLEAN Reducing costs and losses in the management of pests and diseases in the greenhouse

This guide has been produced in conjunction with participating greenhouse growers to provide a practical guide to help you to economically and effectively introduce preventative and integrated control strategies to manage pests and diseases in your greenhouses.

Viruses in vegetable crops in Australia - Integrated virus disease management

May 2015
Viruses in vegetable crops in Australia - Integrated virus disease management

Viruses are a major cause of loss in many Australian vegetable crops. Often the intricate relationships between the virus, host plants and the vector, or carrier, create problems in developing effective management systems. This reference note provides information on plant viruses and how they are transmitted, and lists viruses of importance to the Australian vegetable industry.